Hepatitis B, or hep B, is a DNA virus, meaning that its genetic material is made of DNA. The hep B virus reproduces in the liver cells, however the virus is not the direct cause of liver damage associated with hepatitis. The presence of the virus triggers an immune response from the body when the body is trying to eliminated the virus and recover from the infection. This immune response causes inflammation and can severely injure the liver.
The main cause of the spread of hep B in the United States is sexual contact. The virus can be found in saliva, semen, and vaginal discharge. The virus can also be found in blood, and can be spread from sharing needles, tattooing, body piercing, and acupuncture. Just remember to have piece of mind and get tested if you suspect you might have contracted Hepatitis B