STD’s can and will have many of the same repercussions for pregnant women as they would have on women who are not pregnant. However the STD will not just affect you, but it could have an impact on your unborn child.
STD’s can be passed from a pregnant women to the baby before, during, or after a baby’s birth. Some STD’s, like syphilis, can cross the placenta and infect the baby while it is in the uterus. Other STD’s can be transmitted from the mother to baby during the delivery while the baby is passing through the birth canal. Such STD’s that can be transmitted this way include the following: gonorrhea, chlamydia, hepatitis B, and genital herpes. HIV however can be passed from mother to child at any of the stages listed above.
Harmful effects of STD’s in babies may include stillbirth, low birth weight, conjunctivitis, pneumonia, deafness, blindness, and other harmful infliction. Most of these problems can be prevented with routine prenatal care, which includes screening tests for STD’s starting early on in the pregnancy.